If we can’t see the ethical stakes (+ power relations) in digital archives we are going to do violence. Do better. Born of frustration and still very much a work … Continue reading Justice and Digital Archives: A Working Bibliography
I’m delighted that we’ve reached the stage where we are sending out the full manuscript for review and beginning the peer-to-peer review process for the newest volume in the Debates … Continue reading Bodies of Information: Feminist Debates in Digital Humanities
NB: This is the written work and slide images from a talk I gave as part of the fabulous Yale Book History Seminar this weekend. Thank you to the amazing organizers … Continue reading Doing not Being a Book
I’m delighted that we are officially now in full swing with our new graduate certificate in Computational and Digital Humanities here at ASU. While I’m the current director, this has been … Continue reading Computational and Digital Humanities at ASU
As is my way, I’ve been working with a few folks on another shared bibliography – this time on wearables and algorithmic culture.
I’m pleased that our reading list includes of number of important pieces/books by women and I thought I’d share it with others.
- Can computers be racist? Big data, inequality, and discrimination / Ford Foundation
- Critical Algorithmic Studies reading list
Abbate, Janet. Inventing the Internet
Bennett, Jane Vibrant Matter
Bogost, Ian Cathedral of Computation
Bouk, Dan How our days became numbered: risk and the rise of the statistical individual
Carpo, Mario, The Alphabet and the Algorithm
Chun, Wendy H. K., Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics (MIT, 2006)
— Programmed Visions: Software and Memory (MIT 2011)
Crawford, Kate – lots of articles…coming soon.
Danaher, John “Rule By Algorithm”
Mager, Astrid, “Algorithmic Ideology: How Capitalism Shapes our Search Engines”, Information, Communication and Society, Vol. 15(5), 2012: 769-787.
Lippold, Cheney, John, “A New Algorithmic Identity: Soft Biopolitics and the Modulation of Control”, Theory, Culture & Society, November 2011, Vol. 28(6): 164-181.
Walker-Rettenberg, Jill. Seeing Ourselves Through Technology
Wegenstein, Bernadette Getting Under the Skin: Body and Media Theory
Weigel, Moira “Fitted”Zylinska, Joanna and Sarah Kember, Life after New Media (MIT 2012)
On Haptics in Particular
Smart baby nursery — about mimo,” http://mimobaby.com, accessed: 2015-10-26.
Collier, Emotional expression. Psychology Press, 2014
J. Linden, Touch: The Science of Hand, Heart, and Mind. Penguin, 2015.
] M. W. Kraus, C. Huang, and D. Keltner, “Tactile communication, cooperation, and performance: an ethological study of the nba.” Emotion, vol. 10, no. 5, p. 745, 2010.
E. Williams and J. A. Bargh, “Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5901, pp. 606–607, 2008.
M. Ackerman, C. C. Nocera, and J. A. Bargh, “Incidental haptic sensations influence social judgments and decisions,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5986, pp. 1712–1715, 2010.
Montagu, Touching: The human significance of the skin. Columbia U. Press, 1971.
Smith and K. MacLean, “Communicating emotion through a haptic link: Design space and methodology,” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 376–387, 2007.
N. Bailenson, N. Yee, S. Brave, D. Merget, and D. Koslow, “Virtual interpersonal touch: expressing and recognizing emotions through haptic devices,” Human–Computer Interaction, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 325–353, 2007.
Rantala, K. Salminen, R. Raisamo, and V. Surakka, “Touch gestures in communicating emotional intention via vibrotactile stimulation,” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 679–690, 2013.
Salminen, V. Surakka, J. Lylykangas, J. Raisamo, R. Saarinen, R. Raisamo, J. Rantala, and G. Evreinov, “Emotional and behavioral responses to haptic stimulation,” in Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ser. CHI ’08. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2008, pp. 1555–1562. [Online]. Available: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1357054.1357298
Raisamo, R. Raisamo, and V. Surakka, “Comparison of saltation, amplitude modulation, and a hybrid method of vibrotactile stimulation,” Haptics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 517–521, 2013.
S. Stevens, Psychophysics. Transaction Publishers, 1975.
C. Wilson and M. Morioka, “The effect of vibration magnitude on equivalent sensation contours at the thenar eminence of the hand,” 44th UK Conference on Human Responses to Vibration, pp. 149–159, 2009.
Kozel, Closer: Performance, Technologies, Phenomenology. MIT Press, 2007.
F. A. Geldard, “Adventures in tactile literacy.” American Psychologist, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 115, 1957.
Wired’s “Know Thyself”
Algorithmic Culture Reading List at Microsoft Research
Governing Algorithms reading list
Jamie Mcdonald – Algorithmic Studies critical survey
Male colleagues whom I respect, read, think with and sometimes disagree with: it is time. Time to see gender equity (at the very least) and our much touted inclusivity be realized. As a feminist I think dissensus is necessary and disagreement can be productive. I don’t want to hide our many differences. But it is time to stop behaving as if there aren’t any/enough/enough good women working in the fields that fall under our “big tent.” There are no more excuses for having an all-male panel, an all-male editorial board, an all-male DH qualifying exams reading list, an all male anything.
Hearing that people have a hard time coming up with examples of women who program, women who have published in DH, women to be on grant or advisory boards, women who can be invited as featured or plenary speakers – some of us have gathered together and made a set of resources. There’s the Build a Better DH Syllabus, Build a Better List of Code Experts, and now Build a Better Panel. You have over
100 280+ women from across the globe, representing a range of disciplinary and methodological approaches. We have all manner of intersectional identities and ranks represented in our lists. Soon you’ll have info on where you can contact those folks in order to invite them and learn from them. We will be building a speaker’s bureau and you can find more information there as well.
There are no more excuses. You know we are here and that we do damn fine work. Going forward, all-male panels can only be construed as a choice, not an issue of ignorance. We have been busy building the communities we want to see within DH, and now we’ve taken time from our research, our teaching, our lives to pull together information for you – now it’s your turn to do your part.
I’ll skip the rant and get straight to the issue – can’t think of women who you might invite for keynote or other conference event? Let us help (crowdsourced list – you can add to the spreadsheet here – don’t worry about order and formatting, I’ll periodically fix). Pro-tip: the “Build a Better DH Syllabus” and “Build a Better List of Code Experts” are also great resources for this.
Prompted by a discussion on twitter (ht to Whitney Trettien and Daniel Powell) today (2/18/2015) about the inexcusable absence of women’s work from DH syllabi, I’m creating a space for collecting resources (the initial set up is derived from the DHSI course on Feminist DH that I teach each year with Liz Losh – if you’re not on here, it’s not because I don’t know and love your work – I just had precisely 6 minutes to get this rolling). Feel free to add yours in the comments and we’ll make this a running bibl of bad-ass DH and critical digital culture scholars. I’ll also note that there are already some great resources via dhpoco and GO:DH.
NB: I’m squeezing in additions as I’m able. This is currently thematically organized and that’s about it.
You might also want to check out Carly Kocurek’s Teaching Theory and Technology
and Adeline Koh’s crowdsourced Race and DH
Code, Feminist Critiques of Code Culture
Wendy Chun, “Enduring Ephemeral, or the Future Is a Memory”
– selections from Programmed Visions “Invisibly Visible, Visibly, Invisible” and “On Sourcery and Source Code”
Annette Vee, “Text, Speech, Machine…” in Computational Culture
Tara McPherson, “U.S. Operating Systems at Mid-Century” in Race After the Internet
Lisa Gitelman, Always Already New
Barad, Karen. “Posthumanist Performativity: Toward an Understanding of How Matter Comes to Matter.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 28, No. 3. (1 March 2003), pp. 801-831
— Posthumanist performativity : Toward an understanding of how matter comes to matter. In Deborah Orr (ed.), Belief, Bodies, and Being: Feminist Reflections on Embodiment. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers (2006).
Work and ideas that came up in the ensuing discussion: about work in conversation with Barad:
Sarah Kember and Joanna Zylinska, Life After New Media, MIT Press, 2012.
Anne Balsamo, Designing Culture: The Technological Imagination at Work, Duke UP, 2011.
Tara McPherson’s work on Scalar, discussed in a forthcoming article in Difference. (A talk version is here:
–Micha Cardenas and Zach Blas, “Imaginary Computational Systems, Queer Technologies, and Transreal Aesthetics”
Micha Cardenas et all, in http://transreal.org/media-n-journal-2013-caa-conference-edition/ and http://www.e-fagia.org/digievent/2011/tx/michaElle.html
Maria Fernandez, Faith Wilding, and Michelle M. Wright, Domain Errors, (Autonomedia, 2003)
Caludia Reiche and Verena Kuni, eds. Cyberfeminism: Next Steps (Autonomedia, 2004)
Kim Christen-Withey’s work on Mukurtu as anti-imperialist approach to database design
“Fuzzy logic:” looking at measures of information as the continuum between 0 and 1 rather than the binary,
–connected to French Feminism: Kristeva, Cixous, Irigiray, Wittig.
–see work of Margaret Homans, introduction and opening chapter in Bearing the Word (Chicago UP, 1989).
- Play, Feminist Game Studies
Mary Flanagan, Critical Play: Radical Game Design (Introduction, Ch. 2. “Playing House” (17-62) and and Ch. 7 “Critical Computer Games” (222-249).
Janine Fron, Tracy Fullerton, Jacquelyn Ford Morie, and Celia Pearce, “The Hegemony of Play”
Bonsignore, E.,* Hansen, D., Kraus, K., & Ruppel, M.* (2013). Alternate Reality Games as platforms for practicing 21st -century literacies. International Journal of Learning and Media
Kraus, K. (2011). “A counter-friction to the machine”: What game scholars, librarians, and archivists can learn from machinima makers about user activism. Special commissioned issue on machinima. Journal of Visual Culture 10(1), 100-112
Liz Losh, “#Gamergate 101” date: 10/17
Nina Huntemann (co-ed), Gaming Globally: Production, Play and Place and Joystick Soldiers: The Politics of Play in Military Video Games.
— (associate producer of the film) Joystick Warriors: Video Game Violence and the Culture of Militarism
— (produced and directed) Game Over: Gender, Race and Violence in Video Games
- Discipline/Access, Feminist Critiques of Technoculture
Radhika Gajjala, Cyberselves: Feminist Ethnographies of South Asian Women and of Cyberculture
—the Subaltern: Weavings of the Virtual and Real.
Anne Balsamo, “Feminism for the Incurably Informed,” Ch. 6 in Technologies of the Gendered Body
N. Katherine Hayles, “Prologue: Computing Kin,” in My Mother Was a Computer “Prologue” and “Toward Embodied Virtuality,” in How We Became Posthuman
Lisa Nakamura “Indigenous Circuits” in American Studies Quarterly
Morgan Currie, “The Feminist Critique: Mapping Controversy in Wikipedia” in Understanding Digital Humanities, ed. David Berry (2012)
Heather Froehlich and Michele Moravec, Postcolonial Digital Humanities | Gender and the DHPoco Open Thread: A Corpus Analysis
Jasbir Puar, Homonationalism gone Viral (youtube video)
- Program, Feminism and Theories of the Media Apparatus
Lisa Parks on drone vision: “Zeroing In: Overhead Imagery, Infrastructure Ruins, and Datalands in Afghanistan and Iraq” Ch. 14 in The Visual Culture reader, 3rd Ed., ed. Nicholas Mirzoeff, Routledge 2012
Lucy Suchman, “Preface,” “Introduction,” “Interactive Artifacts,” “Plans,” and “Situated Actions” Plans and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-Machine Communication
–“Human/Machine Reconsidered,” published by the Department of Sociology, Lancaster University at
Genevieve Bell and Paul Dourish “Contextualizing Ubiquitous Computing,” in Divining a Digital Future
Murray, Janet Horowitz. Hamlet on the Holodeck: The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace. New York: Free Press, 1997
Blair, Ann. Too Much to Know: Managing Scholarly Information before the Modern Age. New Haven Conn.: Yale University Press, 2011. Print.
Nina Lykke, Randi Markussen, and Finn Olesen, “There are Always More Things Going On Than You Thought!”: Methodologies as Thinking Technologies: Interview with Donna Haraway” Bits of Life: Feminism at the Intersections of Media, Bioscience, and Technology.
Kraus, K. and Levi, A.* (Eds.). (2012). Rough Cuts: Media and Design in Process. [Online collection of essays and artifacts]. MediaCommons: The New Everyday. [Collection includes 23 contributors; edited, curated, and published by Kraus and Levi with introduction written by Kraus]
Lisa Snyder on 3D Modeling
Miriam Posner’s Blog, especially “Commit to DH People, Not DH Projects”
- Archive, Feminist DH Projects
Alex Juhasz, The Views of the Feminist Archive
Kate Eichhorn, The Archival turn in Feminism
Katherine D. Harris, Forget Me Not! The Rise of British Literary Annuals, 1823-1835, a literary and cultural history of early British literary annuals. Ohio University Press, forthcoming June 2015.
— “TechnoRomanticism: Creating Digital Editions in an Undergraduate Classroom.” Journal of Victorian Culture 16:1 (2011 April): 107-112. Invited by journal editor, James Mussell.
Julia Flanders & Jacqueline Wernimont, “Feminism in the Age of Digital Archives” Tulsa Studies of Women’s Literature
Watch: Amy Earhart on obsolescence in feminist DH projects,
“Recovering the Recovered Text” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ui9PIjDreo
Bethany Nowviskie “What Girls Dig”
Trettien, Whitney Anne. ‘A Deep History of Electronic Textuality: The Case of English Reprints Jhon Milton Areopagitica’. Digital Humanities Quarterly. 7.1 (2013)
Kraus, K. (2013). Picture Criticism: Textual Studies and the Image. In Julia Flanders and Neil Fraistat (Eds.) Cambridge Companion to Textual Scholarship. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 3.
Kraus, K. (2011). Prim Drift, Copybots, and Folk Preservation. In Megan Winget and William Aspray (Eds.) Digital Media: Tech
Michelle Moravec, Unghosting Apparitional (Lesbian) Histories
Fischer-Starcke, B. ‘Keywords and Frequent Phrases of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice A Corpus-Stylistic Analysis’. International journal of corpus linguistics 14.4 (2009): 492–523.
Lutzky, Ursula. ‘Why and What in Early Modern English Drama’. Middle and Modern English Corpus Linguistics: a Multi-dimensional Approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamins (2012): 177–190.
— and Jane Demmen. ‘Pray in Early Modern English Drama’. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 14.2 (2013): 263–284.
Marchi, Anna, and Charlotte Taylor. ‘If on a Winter’s Night Two Researchers… A Challenge to Assumptions of Soundness of Interpretation’. Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis across Disciplines 3.1 (2009): 1–20. Print.
Mahlberg, Michaela. ‘Corpus Linguistics and the Study of Nineteenth-Century Fiction’. Journal of Victorian Culture 15.2 (2010): 292–298.
— Catherine Smith, and Simon Preston. ‘Phrases in Literary Contexts: Patterns and Distributions of Suspensions in Dickens’s Novels’. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 18.1 (2013): 35–56.
Pahta, Päivi, and Andreas H. Jucker. Communicating Early English Manuscripts. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Meurman-Solin, Anneli and Jukka Tyrkkö. Principles and Practices for the Digital Editing and Annotation of Diachronic Data. Studies in Variation, Contact and Change in English. Volume 14. Helsinki, Finland: 2013 http://www.helsinki.fi/varieng/series/volumes/14/
Nevalaienen, Terttu and Susan Fitzmaurice. How to Deal with Data: Problems and Approaches to the Investigation of the English Language over Time and Space. Volume 7. Helsinki, Finland: 2011 http://www.helsinki.fi/varieng/series/volumes/07/
Gonzalez-Diaz, V. and Hodson, J. and Auer, A.. Language and Literary Style. Linguistics and Literature. John Benjamins, Amsterdam: 2012
Too many people have regular and sustained experiences of violence, including efforts to shut down participation in work, civic engagement, and social interaction. Women and feminists have been targets for quite some time, but 2014 felt to me like a year in which the threats were particularly frequent and the injuries inflected acute.
I’m not interested in promoting hurtful actions algorithmically or otherwise, so I’m not going to name or link here – you can find examples without too much digging. I agree with Anita Sarkeesian’s observation that “online harassment, especially gendered online harassment, is an epidemic. Women are being driven out, they’re being driven offline; this isn’t just in gaming, this is happening across the board online, especially with women who participate in or work in male-dominated industries.” I’d add that anti-intellectualism takes some of its most virulent forms against not only women, but also people of color, and queer and trans people.
In addition to impacting women, the online harassment has spread to women’s defenders — so that the silencing of women has become what Ian Bogost has called a “Voldomortian” entity in which speaking about these harassment campaigns by name invites attention and similar harassment. Young adults and children who find themselves ensnared in harassment, whether through their own work or by virtue of being a woman’s child, are particularly at risk and in need of support.
Feeling uneasy and frustrated with the social climate, I reached out to colleagues in the FemTechNet network. From these conversations a set of related, but independent efforts were inaugurated including private community meetings, public discussions, curricular engagements, and some long range planning. Among which was a proposal to the DML Competition “Trust Challenge.” The fifth in an annual series of calls for proposals, this year’s challenge argues “trust, privacy, and safety are critical to learning in an open online world.”
With FTN colleagues and strong institutional support from ASU, I submitted a proposal titled “Addressing Ant-Feminist Violence Online.” We argue in the proposal “feminists are at risk and engendering trust or safety in digital spaces seems difficult at best. Nevertheless, we can help create and sustain resilient communities that can foster trust, reduce harm, and support those who identify, document, and combat harassment.” To these ends we have proposed to “curate a set of best practices, and educational content for communities responding to anti-feminist violence online.”
We plan to publish our curated collection as an open-access digital book, utilizing the Scalar platform. We’re also planning a yearlong series of events to support the creation and use of the collection. We’re hoping to build as broad-based a coalition in this endeavor as possible – engaging with industry, local and national non-profits, networked advocacy communities, and U.S. universities and colleges.
We’re delighted to have advanced to the finalist round in the challenge. You can read the proposal, comment and offer support, and vote up the project by clicking on the heart in the upper left corner. You can also contact us at AAFO@asu.edu.
A few days before a recent trip to talk at the University of Michigan I sent inquiries out into my social media networks, asking for tips on traveling and pumping breast milk. I had hoped for a few hard won tales but got crickets instead. So, in the event that someone else asks a similar set of questions, I’m listing a few tips below. Feel free to share others in the comment thread! In case you need it, I’ve also written a “Dear Colleague” letter template that you can send to organizers in advance of your travel letting them know your needs.
– be gentle with yourself, this is crazy absurd work.
– If possible, have your milk frozen when you go through security. In my experience, TSA dip-tests every liquid individually (!) but does not dip-test frozen breast milk.
– If you don’t already have one, get a battery pack and supply cord. There are rarely outlets in planes and hand pumping didn’t work AT ALL for me.
– Ask the flight attendant if you can use the first class bathroom to pump. While this is going to depend on the individuals involved, I had good luck here.
– When you go to pump on a plane let a flight attendant know that you may be in there longer – this lets them run interference with other passengers who wonder what’s taking so long.
– Take along your preferred disinfecting wipes to clean out your equipment when you aren’t near a sink or a good spot to thoroughly wash everything.
– I took my equipment (breast shield, valves, bag attachment thingy) already assembled on the plane in a plastic bag, which gave me an area to stage set up that was relatively clean and meant for fast set up
– Arrange to have a refrigerator in your hotel room if that’s where you’re staying while traveling.
– Pack plenty of your favorite storage containers and cooling technologies – I used the small storage bags because I could pump directly into them and lay them flat in the freezer for easy stacking for the return trip. I also used the flexible freezer packs in order to fit more into my cooler bag.
-According to sources at a breast milk bank, milk can be stored in a refrigerator for 7 days if you have one at your hotel. If a freezer is available, it can be frozen and taken on a plane with some blue ice blocks. The preceding isn’t medical advice so for more on breast milk storage and use see the CDC’s guidelines and/or KellyMom discussions.
– Check with your airline for guidelines on carrying breast milk on vs. checking it
– As always, drink a ton of water – air travel dehydrates and those are much needed fluids!
Good luck and feel free to share other tips and to share this widely with friends.